featured4 - Lung Cancer - 7 symptoms you shouldn't ignore Cancer Health Research 

Lung Cancer – 7 symptoms you shouldn’t ignore

Lung cancer is one of the major global health problems that has plagued humanity owing to the many risk factors that are present in the environment. All inhaled air always ends up in the lungs therefore exposing this vital organ to cancerous cells which may result from inhaling carcinogenic fumes caused by pollution in the air.

Research however shows that early diagnosis increases the possibility of successful treatment and it is for this reason that we felt it fit to share this article. Take a look at these 7 symptoms of lung cancer that you shouldn’t ignore. Please note that when they present on their own, there is nothing to worry about but when in combination, be sure to visit a health facility to get checked out.


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Image source: medscape.com

#1 Apersistent cough

A never ending cough that keeps getting worse is a cause of concern. This is usually one of the most common symptoms of lung cancer which is presented by coughing up of blood and a rust-coloredphlegm. When you see these symptom, visit your doctor immediately.


#2 A shortness of breath

A persistent shortness of breath is also among the possible symptoms of lung cancer. In most cases, when it comes to lung cancer, shortness of breath could be caused by a tumor that is blocking a major airway or a fluid accumulation in the lungs. If your frequent shortness of breath starts being a concern, be sure to visit your doctor immediately.


#3 Hoarseness in your voice

Do you keep noticing changes in your voice presented by frequent hoarseness or sounding high-pitched? This could be a symptom of lung cancer. Be sure to have your voice checked out by your doctor should you notice such changes.


#4 Chronic bronchitis

Often, if you notice the kind of chronic bronchitis that keeps recurring, it may be a symptom of lung cancer. Chronic bronchitis is often characterized by a never ending cough, frequent shortness of breath, fevers, chills and chest discomfort. Be sure to have this checked out by your doctor should you notice the symptoms.


#5 Chest pains

Chest pains that keep getting worse and worse may be a symptom of lung cancer. Whenever you experience a sharp pain in your chest every time you breathe in deeply, laugh or cough, then it is time to see your doctor.


#6 Anunexplained weight loss

We often find ourselves losing weight for one reason or the other so this should not scare you too much. However, losing weight for no apparent reason or an unexplained reason is one of the first symptoms of lung cancer. So if you notice a sudden loss of about 10 pounds yet you did not make an effort to lose it then it’s time to consult your doctor immediately.


#7 Bone pain

Frequent bone pain which is characterized mostly by pain in the back is a possible sign of lung cancer. Often people cannot differentiate between muscle pain and bone pain so it is important to know that bone pain tends to get worse with body movement as well as at night.

Be sure to be on the lookout if these symptoms come in combination.

featured3 - Health - How to determine your cancer risk Cancer Health Research 

Health – How to determine your cancer risk

The media today especially the internet has made people too anxious about their risk of exposure to cancer. When you search the internet, almost every tech device or manufactured consumer product has been listed as a possible risk element for cancer. As a media consumer, how can you tell what’s legit info and what’s not?

Through this article, we seek to create some perspective by helping you understand what cancer risk actually is and how it is measured.


What is cancer risk?

In research, when a scientist uses the term “risk”, he/she issimply talking about probability. This is basically the chance that a particular thing or event may occur, but it is not guaranteed that it will actually occur. In cancer research,a lot of the focus is usually put on studying large groups of people with the aim of determining the probability that any one individual or a category of individuals will develop cancer over a certain period of time. The research will also seek to establish the characteristics or behaviors that are associated with the increase or decrease in the risk of developing cancer.


This is how risk is expressed

Risk is categorized into two – absoluterisk and relative risk.


Absolute risk

Absolute risk is the actual numeric probability that an individual or group of individuals will develop cancer over a specified duration of time e.g. within the next five years, by the age of 55, by the age of 75 or during the course of their lifetime. One instance of absolute risk is the statistic that indicates that at least 16 menin every group of 100 men are going to develop prostate cancer in the course oftheir lifetime.


Relative risk

Relative risk on the other hand compares in terms of ratio and not absolute values. It will focus on the relationship between the specific risk factors and the specific type of cancers, focusing on comparing certain traits experienced within a group of people vis a vis the number of cancers that exist within that group and vice versa. In simpler terms, if we take lung cancer as an example, risk of lung cancer will be expressed in this way – People who smoke are 23 times likelier to contract lung cancer as compared to people who do not smoke. This therefore means that for people who smoke, the relative risk of lung cancer is 23.

Risk is determined through research and not guessing. So, the next time you come across some piece of information on the internet referring to your cancer risk, be sure to do a little bit of extra digging before you unnecessarily make life altering decisions.

info2 - Health - How to determine your cancer risk
Image source: eufic.org