I bet you know that oncology is the study of cancer. This therefore means thatan oncologist is a doctor responsible for treating cancer. In most typical cases, the oncologist is the one who gives the official diagnosis, then offers the patient care and treatment, once it has been confirmed that the diagnosis is cancer.
The field of oncology has been classified in 3 main areas namely: Medical, surgical and radiation oncology. Below are the types of oncologists you should know if you are intending to visit a health facility to get checked out.
A medical oncologist:This is the health practitioner responsible for treating cancer. Medical oncologists mostly use medication which include chemotherapy and other targeted therapies to treat or manage cancer.
A surgical oncologist:This is a health practitioner who removes the cancerous tumor and nearby damaged tissue in a cancer patient through surgery. They are also responsible for performingother types of biopsies.
A radiation oncologist:This is a health practitioner responsible for treating cancer using radiation therapy.
A gynecologic oncologist:This is a health practitioner who specializes in treating gynecologic cancers such as cervical and uterine cancer.
A pediatric oncologist:This is a health practitioner who specializes in treating cancer in children. Certain types of cancers such as leukemia, Ewing’s sarcomaand osteosarcoma are known to commonly occur in children and teenagers therefore it is the pediatric oncologist who will be called in. In some case, these cancers occur in adults and some of them have been known to seek help from a pediatric oncologist.
A hematologist-oncologist: This is ahealth practitioner who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood cancers, such as myeloma, leukemia and lymphoma.
In most cases, a patient will always be treated by a team of oncologists with different specializations because cancer often requires a combination of treatments in order to increase the possibility of success. This always involves combining surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
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